Forage Grass Seed

Here we would like to mention just a few things about the general advantages of improved varieties. Those advantages are often general and relating to animal or plant performance. There will be grazing types of almost every species and they should perform better under those circumstances.  BMR varieties, meaning brown mid-rib, found in summer annuals are more palatable, higher energy and more nutritious than non-BMR varieties.  A few species like reed canary grass have improved low alkaloid varieties that are much more palatable especially as they mature than high alkaloid varieties.  Some grasses contain endophytes.  The benefits associated with endophytes are improved resistance to drought, diseases, insects and nematodes.  When endophytes are not present, as in endophyte-free varieties, stand survival can become an issue from the summer heat.  The disadvantages associated with the wild endophytes, often called a negative endophytes are reduced feed intake and animal performance, lower conception rates, fescue foot, fescue toxicity, and bovine fat necrosis.  Novel or positive ehdophytes do not have the disadvantages of the negative endophytes, but because of the increased intake from livestock, stands can be overgrazed and typically cannot support as many animals per acre.  Rotational grazing can prevent overgrazing these stands.  Studies have shown that the disadvantages associated with the negative endophyte can be eliminated from having a stand with 25% of something other than negative endophyte grasses.  White clovers are the most common pasture solution.


Seed varieties are not always available every year, but substitutes typically are.  Special endophtye fescues don't become available until right at seeding time because the seed needs to be fresh to ensure the life of endophyte.  Some of our stocked seed are in following lists, but many more varieties are available.


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Forage Seed

Tall Fescue - Max Q Jesup

Max Q contain a positive novel endophyte and animals grazing Max Q have a significant performance improvement compared to those on Kentucky 31.  Yield is similar to Kentucky 31.  While Max Q can cost 3 times as much as Kentucky 31, most experts consider the benefits from Max Q worth the...

Tall Fescue - Max Q II Texoma

Max Q II has the same novel endophyte and advantages as Max Q but combined with a grass variety that is more heat and drought resistant.  Max Q II was developed to improve survival in the deep south.  In our area, Max Q II will have a lower yield but more summer activity than Max Q.

Tall Fescue - Kentucky 31

The most popular fescue in our area.  This cool season grass contains a negative endophtye.  Companion species can work very well to improve animal performance.  K31 has a very low cost per acre and is very hardy.

Orchard Grass - Benchmark Plus

Benchmark Plus is a low-crown variety that is suitable for heavy grazing and is more persistant in hay fields.  This early maturing orchard grass has great palatability, excellent plant vigor, and superior forage yield, is drought tolerant, and has resistance to stem rust.

Perennial Ryegrass - Tetraploid Boost

Boost intermediate ryegrass is a high quality, cool season forage variety developed for use in highly productive pastures and hay fields. It has been selected for resistance to many leaf diseases that can reduce forage quality, palatability and animal intake. These include rusts, leaf spots, leaf...

Perennial Ryegrass - Tetraploid Crave

Tetraploid perennial ryegrass is the highest quality cool season forage grass available. CRAVE forage perennial ryegrass is a highly productive, medium to late maturity grass with outstanding persistence. Superior palatability and digestibility make CRAVE and ideal forage for use as hay, silage or...

Perennial Ryegrass - Common

Ryegrass has the highest nutrient value of perennial cool season grasses.  Linn or common perennial ryegrass contains a negative endophyte and is a diploid variety.  

Timothy - TM0102

TM0102 is a late-maturing timothy variety. It reaches 50% anthesis approximately the same time as Climax, and about 10 days later than Clair. TM0102 is taller in plant height than Climax, and its panicle is longer than that of Clair. The flag leaf of TM0102 is wider than Clair, but narrower than...

Kentucky Bluegrass - Common

Kentucky Bluegrass will spread and weave through other grasses to make thick stands when mixed.  Rhizomes produce a dense sod and can survive low grazing from horses and sheep. Grows 1 to 3 feet tall. Completely dormant in summer.  Yields are considerably less than other perennial cool...

Reed Canarygrass - Common

Reed Canarygrass is used in very wet areas.  Coarse, sod-forming perennial with short rhizomes, 2 to 6 feet tall. Deep rooted. Major uses are pasture, hay, silage. Seedling vigor is poor so establishment is slow. A seeding rate of 5 to 8 lb/A planted during April-May in Zone D or...

Forage Seed - Cool Season Annual

Annual Ryegrass - Gulf

Annual bunchgrass. Shiny, dark green smooth leaves. Grows 2 to 3 feet tall. Major uses are mainly pasture although sometimes used for hay or silage. High nutritive quality. Seeding rate is 10 to 15 lb/A in mixtures, or 20 to 30 lb/A alone. Spetember or early October are generally the best months to...

Annual Ryegrass - Fria

Fria annual ryegrass not only delivers outstanding yields in the south and north, but has exceptional cold tolerance that helps in fall establishment and winter survival throughout the transition zone and further north. Developed by Dr. Gordon Prine at the University of Florida for cold tolerance,...

Small Grains

Please see this link: Small Grain

Forage Seed - Warm Season Annual

Sorghum - SS1515A

SS 1515 is a non-BMR hybrid with tremendous yield potential. It is treated with a safener. This hybrid has a shorter plant structure for good standability and will range from 72 inches to 84 inches in plant height. This hybrid is drought tolerant and is great for dry land conditions. SS 1515...

Sudex SS220

SS 220 is a Brown Midrib Sorghum X Sudangrass Hybrid with exceptional palatability and with the addition of the BMR gene has shown marked reductions of lignin content in the plant. SS 220 offers agronomic characteristics such as excellent hay quality, heavy pasturing, superior drought tolerance,...

Sudangrass - SS130

SS 130 is a fast growing, warm season summer annual grass which can be harvested multiple times during the growing season as pasture, hay or silage. SS 130 carries the Hi-Gest® brown midrib trait to reduce lignin in the plant for improved palatability and feed intake, resulting in enhanced animal...

Pearl Millet - SS1562 BMR

SS 1562M, BMR Hybrid Pearl Millet, is an enhanced summer annual that provides a versatile, high quality forage product. The BMR gene improves digestibility and palatability. Dwarfing gene improves standability and allows for heavier grazing pressue with this variety. It is an excellent forage...

Pearl Millet - SS635

DWARF MILLET Excellent choice for hay! Produces lots of wide leaves! Superior leaf-to-stem ratio.  Tolerates acid soil very well.  Nitrate poisoning of livestock does not occur with Pearl Millet. 

Crabgrass - Quick-N-Big

Improved variety, very different from native dwarf crabgrass.  Quick-N-Big is upright and high yield.  Crabgrass has the highest nutrient value of any summer grass.  Plant 1lb - 4lb per acre.  Must allow it to seed out at least once, typically done in the fall.  Thrives in...

Forage Seed - Warm Season Perennial

Bermuda - Laredo

Laredo bermudagrass is a specially formulated blend of hulled and unhulled, coated proprietary bermudagrass seed for improved stand establishment. Laredo's growth characteristics create a more versatile forage for high quality hay, grazing and silage. Laredo can be planted in the spring or summer...

Native Grasses

Native grasses include Switchgrass, Big Bluestem, Little Bluestem, and Indiangrass.  Different varieties are available and the improved varieties typically are much more palatable to livestock.